• thank you

  • Thanks a lot Danny for suggesting me the use of shall and will.

  • Well, in modern English, especially American English SHALL is  used very rarely. Internationally, WILL is now the standard choice for expressing future plans and expectations, promises and much more. However, we sometimes use SHALL in the following cases:

    1. In the questions implying immediate reaction:

    It is so hot here. Shall I open the window? Yes, of course.

    We can also use SHOULD, but it will sound like asking the advice.

    2. With a third-person subject for stating some requirements:

    The rent shall be paid monthly.

    We can also use MUST in this sentence.

    3. To show the strong intention:

    I shall be there to help you out!

    Well, in this sentence we can also use WILL and it will sound like a promise.

    4. To make something sound old-fashionate or dramatic:

    I shall never forget that day! (it sounds dramatic. It means that on that day I experienced some tragedy or I pretend to sound like that).

    But being a native speaker I tell you, if you use WILL speaking about the future it will always be good.

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